Mirror: mPING WEATHER TYPES EXPLAINED

In December of 2018, the US Government initiated a shutdown of non-essential services.  As part of this, I noticed that apps like mPING which are used for reporting weather conditions began to have broken links. 

Non-essential Government employees such as the NOAA.gov webmasters threw a tantrum associated with being told that they were “non-essential”.  As a result, even though the servers were humming along just fine, these workers blocked access to their content for the duration of the “shutdown” with a message politely explaining that they would be holding their non-essential information hostage until they were allowed to continue suckling at the teet of the State.

I was hoping to find a mirror for the info but couldn’t immediately.  Now that the Government has resumed it’s non-essential operations (at great economic expense to innocent Software Engineers like myself), I was able to obtain a copy of the information which I will mirror below.

Enjoy!

PS: Another archive of this information exists here: https://web.archive.org/web/*/https://mping.nssl.noaa.gov/types.php


What are all of those weather types that are listed in the mPING app? How do you tell the difference between freezing rain and freezing drizzle?

Test
Sends a test report to confirm that NSSL received your report; you will see a small yellow X appear to show your report was received
Rain and/or Snow
None

No precipitation occurring; most useful shortly before precipitation begins and after it ends

Drizzle

Very small, numerous and uniformly distributed water drops that may appear to float while following air currents

Freezing Drizzle

Drizzle that falls in liquid form but freezes upon impact to form a coating of glaze ice

Rain

Liquid water drops falling that do not freeze upon impact

Freezing Rain

Rain that falls in liquid form but freezes upon impact to form a coating of glaze on exposed objects (this will occur well before any ice forms on the ground)

Ice Pellets/Sleet

Small translucent balls of ice cosisting of frozen raindrops (not to be confused with hail)

Snow

Frozen precipitation in the form of flakes of ice crystals

Mixed Rain & Snow

Usually has the consistency of slush; almost never results in any accumulation

Mixed Rain & Ice Pellets

Often occurs as wet ice pellets mixed with small raindrops; sometimes occurs as falling raindrops containing one or perhaps few small pieces or chunks of ice (not snow)

Mixed ice Pellets & Snow

Snow along with ice pellets; the snowflakes don’t have ice pellets at their core as with ice pellets mixed with rain
Hail (include size)
A chunk of ice falling from the sky ranging from the size of a pea to a grapefruit; hail occurs exclusively in thunderstorms. Sleet is not tiny hail but is instead produced by a different process.
Wind Damage
Severity 1 (Damage Trivial)

Lawn furniture & trash cans displaced; small twigs broken off

Severity 2 (Damage Mild)

1 inch tree limbs broken; shingles blown off

Severity 3 (Damage Moderate)

3 inch tree limbs broken; power poles down

Severity 4 (Damage Severe)

Large trees uprooted or snapped; roofs blown off

Severity 5 (Damage Extreme)

Homes and buildings destroyed
Water Spout
Not displayed but sent to the NWS
Tornado (on ground)
Not displayed but sent to the NWS
Flood
Severity 1 (Flood Minor)

River/creek overflowing; cropland/yard/basement flooding

Severity 2 (Flood Moderate)

Street/road flooding; stranded vehicles

Severity 3 (Flood Serious)

Homes and buildings filled with water

Severity 4 (Flood Severe)

Homes, buildings and cars swept away
Mudslide/Landslide
Most often areas of soil mud that becomes loose due to lots of rainfall and then slides down a hilside; sometimes an entire hillside will come loose in a layer and slide
Reduced Visibility
Dense Fog

Visibility reduction caused by very tiny condensed water droplets so small that they cannot be individually distinguished; essentially a cloud on the ground

Blowing Dust/Sand

Visibility reduction caused by strong winds lofting sand and dust, most often from dry and barren soil

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